Trigonometry formulas for class 10

Trigonometry formulas for class 10

Trigonometry formulas for class 10

Trigonometry is the most important chapter for students whether they are studying in CBSE/ICSE boards or preparing for competitions like IIT or SSC. In CBSE/ NCERT Trigonometry chapter is introduced in class 10th (Chapter 8), and in ICSE it is introduced in class 9th. Most of the time students find the chapter Trigonometry very difficult to understand and very hard to learn all the Trigonometry formulas. In this article, You’ll find all trigonometric formulas for class 10.

After reading this article what will you understand:-

  •  In this article, we will try to help students to make them understand trigonometry easily.
  • We will make some short tricks so that the Trigonometry formulas for class 10 become easy to learn.
  •  Also, you don’t have to Rote-learn all of them. Instead, you will develop a technique so that some of the formulas can be derived, instead of memorizing them.


What is trigonometry?

This word Trigonometry basically came from combining two Greek words “trigōnon” which means “triangle” and “metron” which means  “measure”.Thus, it is used to measure Triangles.

In simple words, Trigonometry is a branch of Mathematics where we study relationships between side lengths and angles of triangles.

Now, let me make this simpler!

  • QUESTION (i):- if we are given two sides of a right-angled triangle and we are asked to find the third side, What mathematical concept will we use to find the third side?
    ANSWER:- Obviously, this is very simple! We will use Pythagoras’ theorem.
  • QUESTION (ii):- If we are given one side and one angle (other than 90°) of a right-angle triangle and you were asked to find the remaining sides of this triangle, how will you find it?
    ANSWER:- For this, you will have to understand a new concept known as “Trigonometry”.

Real-life applications of trigonometry and formulas!

Most of the time we wonder what is the use of Trigonometry in our life?. You may not have applied Trigonometry directly in solving your day to day life problems, but indirectly it is used in various things that we see around us.

      • How do you think we came to know that height of the Mount Everest is 8848 meters. Obviously, by using trigonometry.
      • How we came to know that the distance between “Earth” and “Sun”? when we have never been to “Sun”. you can measure the distance of nearby objects in space by using Trigonometry a method called  Trigonometric parallax or Stellar parallax.
      • The sine and cosine functions (which you will study later) are fundamental to the theory of periodic functions, those that describe the sound and light waves.
      • Trigonometry is also used in construction, Video games, flight engineering, marine engineering, archaeology, criminology, navigation, oceanography, cartography (creation of maps), satellite systems.
      • Well to your surprise almost every scientific discovery that is related to distance is proved only because of Trigonometry.

NOTE:- We have discussed these Real-life applications of Trigonometry thoroughly in this article, please go through it.

Trigonometric Ratios:-

First of all, we will discuss what are Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric Ratios are basically a relationship between the measurement of the angles and the lengths of the sides of the right triangle.
Now let’s discuss how many types of Trigonometric ratios can be possible.

In a right-angled triangle, we have three sides named as  (H) Hypotenuse (longest side), (P) Perpendicular(opposite side to the angle) and (B) Base. If we are asked to take any two sides out of these three sides and form a ratio we will find that six ratios are possible (P/H, B/H, P/B, H/P, H/B, B/P). We have assigned a particular name to each of the ratios.

The trigonometric ratios are:-

    • sinθ = (Perpendicular(P))/( Hypotenuse(H)).
    • cosθ = (Base(B))/( Hypotenuse(H)).
    • tanθ = (Perpendicular(P))/(Base(B)).
    • cosecθ = (Hypotenuse(H))/(Perpendicular(P)).
    • secθ = (Hypotenuse(H))/(Base(B)).
    • cotθ = (Base(B))/(Perpendicular(P)).

Reciprocal Trigonometric Ratios :-

    • sin θ = 1/(cosec θ)
    • cosec θ = 1/(sin θ)
    • cos θ = 1/(sec θ)
    • sec θ = 1/(cos θ)
    • tan θ =  1/(cot θ)
    • cot θ = 1/(tan θ)

Important Relations between Trigonometric Ratios:-

tanθ = (sin θ ) / (cos θ )
cot θ = (cos θ ) / (sin θ )

Trigonometric Table:-

This Trigonometric ratios table helps us to find the values of trigonometric standard angles such as 0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°.

Trigonometric Ratios





sin A01/21/√2√3/21
cos A1√3/21/√21/20
tan A01/√31√3Not Defined
cot ANot defined√311/√30
cosec ANot defined2√2(2√3)/31
sec A1(2√3)/3√22Not defined

Trigonometric Formulas and Identities:-

Now there are certain Trigonometry Formulas and identities that you have to learn. These Ratios and identities are very useful in solving Trigonometric problems.

Trigonometry Formulas for class 10th:-

Trigonometry formulas in class 10th are based on Trigonometric ratios. There are three main Trigonometric formulas for class 10th and using these three you can make other identities.

1) cos2 A + sin2 A = 1.

  • a) cos2 A =1 – sin2 A.
  • b) sin2 A =1 – cos2 A.

2) 1 + tan2 A = sec2 A.

  • a) sec2 A – tan2 A = 1.
  • b) tan2 A = sec2 A – 1.

3) cot2 A + 1 = cosec2 A.

  • a) cosec2 A – cot2 A = 1.
  • b) cot2 A = cosec2 A – 1.

Two more Trigonometric formulas for class 10 are there:-

(i)sec A – tan A =1/(sec A + tan A)

(ii) cosec A – cot A = 1/(cosec A + cot A)

Get all trigonometry formulas for class 10 pdf :-



Get a Callback

If you want admission in top boarding schools of India, fill this form now and get a call back.

Learning Mathematics has never been easier. As you all know, at TrueMaths we teach students from class 6 - 12 in the subject of Maths. Our mission is to strengthen the weak fundamentals of students in order to get them rid of the fear of Maths. TrueMaths is the best on-line maths learning medium for students on a regular basis. What makes TrueMaths better – we understand a student’s psychology as their Teachers/Mentors. We are professional, supportive and friendly. Our methodology is scientifically proved and focuses on understanding of concepts. We offer a 3-Tier On-line Assessments and Tests, Free Video Courses and Guaranteed Improvement.

Every child has vivid approach to solve a certain query and as a teacher it is best to evaluate to their approach of dealing with the problem instead of dominating them to solve their query in their style. It is always quite easy to learn through games and activities. We try to engage students in such activities and fabricate the school maths and english curriculum in an easy to understand and more interesting way. This would also help them have a better visualisation and grasp of verbal and non-verbal reasoning.

Our aim is to help students have a distinct and well-defined character. This is done to help them crack admission in various International Boarding Schools such as The Doon School, Dehradun and Woodstock School, Mussoorie. We also aim to help students have a definitive persona and make them commendable young men and woman of aura.